The relationship between climate change and health is complex, as is emergency preparedness and resourcing. Investments need to be made to improve monitoring, data analysis, and situational awareness, so that communities can build resiliency to emergency events. GIS can distill complicated relationships into easy-to-understand visual representations to help guide public health and emergency preparedness.
The map on the left was created by the City of Montreal. It represents the urban heat island effect in Montreal, where the central portion of the city is more vulnerable to the urban heat island effect since it has higher population density and less vegetation.